Ryzen 3000, A Complete Guide to AMD Ryzen Processors, How to Choose the Best?

March 2nd 2017. The day before, not like after! On this day, AMD announced the first generation of its new processors, which will be called Ryzen. Many thought it was a desperate attempt by AMD to catch up with the tech giant – which for many years had dominated the processor market – Intel and try to compete with it for a share of this market. But it turned out later that it was AMD’s first step to break Intel’s dominance and rise to the lead, and even go far beyond what we had imagined at that date!

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A few days ago, AMD announced the fourth generation of Ryzen processors with the ZEN3 architecture, which we will talk about in other articles. Since we have entered the fourth generation stage and with the completion of the third generation processor series, this article will be a complete guide for beginners about the third-generation processors from the company with the best value. You will rarely find an article that talks about a wide range of treatments;).

On May 27th, 2019, at COMPUTEX Taipei (Taipei International Information Technology Fair) the market was completely changed. AMD announced the third generation processors with the new ZEN2 architecture. Announcing the fourth generation on October 8, 2020. The 3G list is completed by a total of 24 processors (with the inclusion of custom processor (OEM versions) and Threadripper processors).

Processor Specifications: what do they mean?

When you read about any processor model, you will see a complete set of specifications, and you may be confused by not understanding what they mean.  The most important specifications are:


By that, we mean the nuclei inside the processor. Each core can work on one task. This means that the higher the number of cores, the more the processor can perform more tasks at the same time, and thus the speed is greater. Ryzen 3rd Generation processors come with a minimum of 4 cores each of the Ryzen 3 3100 and Ryzen 3 3300X up to 64 cores of the most of each of the Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Ryzen Threadripper Pro 3995WX (OEM).

Software threads

Hyper-Threading technology exploits unused processor resources for other software operations. Where the workflow is organized in the processor using the so-called Threads or a programming thread, usually the processor can run one thread at the same time, but in Hyper-Threading technology, the processor deludes the operating system as two processors and not one, so the operating system will give it Two threads, not one. The technology then distributes processor resources to both threads. The first thread will work and reserve part of the processor’s resources, and the other thread will reserve the rest of the processor’s resources. Perhaps both threads need the same supplier, then he will give the supplier the second thread as soon as the first thread finishes working.

The Ryzen 5 3500 and Ryzen 5 3500X come with 6 software threads, and the Ryzen Threadripper 3990X has 128 spears.

Operating frequency (Base Frequency)

It is measured in gigahertz, and it represents the number of operations per second that a CPU can perform.  The higher the number the better, but this is not the only standard that defines the processor speed.

Turbo boost frequency

The base operating frequency is temporarily raised to a higher frequency to complete the task more quickly.  The default frequency is mentioned as “processor frequency” while the highest frequency a processor can reach is called “Turbo boost frequency” or “speed after boost”.


Small memory linked directly to CPU, this memory stores frequently used the information to speed up repetitive tasks.  Most CPUs have a cache that ranges from 16 to 256 MB in the third tricks. Of course, the higher the number, the better the processor.

You can review our dedicated article on the cache and its levels:

Power consumption (TDP)

Thermal Design Power can be understood as the amount of power in wattage a CPU uses.  More wattage means better performance, but higher temperatures and more power consumption.

Why AMD Ryzen? Answer: Better value processors

With the intensification of competition between AMD and Intel, and with the acceleration of the development process in the processor market to the point where we are unable to keep pace with the successive changes in this market. With the diversity of user requirements between the desktop user, the electronic game enthusiast, and the work and render user, users stand in three groups. The first is the group that loves the name Intel, those who don’t get in the way of money and want everything stronger. The second group is the AMD biased ones who want the highest possible performance for every dollar you pay and are interested in getting the best possible for the lowest price. The third group stands perplexed in this ongoing struggle between the fans of the two companies.

Comparison standard

It is very important when comparing any two products to establish a benchmark against which to compare. There is no best without the standard. Best with what? Is it the performance of a single core? Or the performance of the processor with all its kernels? The result of a specific test? More Fps in games? Render speed is higher? Lower Price? Cores more? More Threads? Lower TDP power consumption? Higher Base frequency?
Higher Turbo boost frequency? Faced with all these criteria we will be puzzled.

Will someone ask who is the best therapist? Ryzen 5 3600 or Core i5-9600KF? We will stand for a while and then return the questions! The best with what? Best for what use? Most of the above can be summarized as a comprehensive standard. Best value criterion. So what is the price-performance equation and how can it be understood?

Price offset for performance (Intel Core vs AMD Ryzen)

To bring things closer. At $ 339 ( Amazon ) you can get a Ryzen 7 3800X, and at $ 389 ( Amazon ) you can get a Core i7 10700K processor. The two therapists converge in performance tests (according to the Nano review site tests ). The cuff tilts slightly differently for the Core i7 10700K processor in single-core tests. The cuff is tilted for the Ryzen 7 3800X in multiple core tests. Both processors have 8 Cores and 16 Threads. The Ryzen processor outperforms the base frequency and the Intel processor outperforms the boost frequency. It can be said that both are similar in performance. When you compare them in games, you will find a slight difference in favour of the Intel processor with the number of frames Fps. But as a gamer hobbyist, is this tire difference worth the extra $ 50? Especially since the Ryzen 7 3800X processor consumes less power than the Core i7 10700K!

As per UserBenchmark testing. Intel processor outperformed AMD processor in Fortnite with 3 frames higher frame rate. GTA V has one frame of edge. And OverWatch beat 3 frames. Well, the difference of 83 frames in the game CS: GO might be big, but between 349 frames for a Ryzen processor and 432 frames for a Core processor, really the difference does not matter because, in any case, the highest screen available in the market works at a frequency of 360Hz and these screens are still new and their prices are high. If you own a screen with an operating frequency of 240Hz, for example, you won’t be interested in frames of more than 240 frames per second.

When it comes to the price-performance equation, the Ryzen 7 3800X will give you better performance for every dollar you pay than a Core i7 10700K processor.

4th Generation Ryzen vs 10th Generation Core

In fact, here we are comparing a third-generation AMD processor from the year 2019 comparing to an Intel tenth-generation processor from the year 2020. It is too early to compare the fourth-generation processors from AMD with the tenth-generation processors from Intel, but this comparison shows simply the difference between AMD that from It clearly deserves the title of Best Value Company.

How do you know the generation of Ryzen processor and what do the icons on the processor model mean?

When you look at the processor model on the spec sheet, you’ll notice that the processor has a confusing mix of numbers and burns. Don’t worry, we will separate their meanings based on the image above.

Processor class (Brand)

This part is for processor brand it will be either  “Ryzen” and “A” or any other family from AMD company.

The Segment Family

After branding, it is the place to place the family of the brand, which is often 3, 5, 7 or 9.


The first number after the brand category is the generation number. Currently, the latest generation is the third so our latest CPU until this time has the number 3 in this field.

The performance level and Model number

Then you’ll likely see a two- or three-digit combination.  The first number indicates processor power and subsequent numbers indicate the SKU.

Processor use line (Power Suffix)

At the end you may see one letter, this letter indicates the line of use of the processor and gives an impression of its power.

  • “G” indicates that the Ryzen processor has an AMD Radeon RX Vega graphics card. This is also true for the Intel Core I series. Intel G-suffix processors contain an AMD Radeon RX Vega graphics card.
  • An “X” also indicates high performance. Ryzen X-processors have the fastest clock speeds, power consumption and the fastest performance. These Ryzen chips are desktop processors. X-Post processors have the feature of Frequency Range Extending (XFR). This allows the processor to boost its performance beyond normal limits.
  • The letter “U” stands for very low power. A thin and light laptop that comes with U-suffix Ryzen processors U later Ryzen processors have lower clock speeds and consume less power. It also produces much less heat than other processors. Thin laptops benefit from this because form factor and thermals do not remove heat easily.
  • The letter “H” stands for high performance. Ryzen H-processors have higher speeds in time and power consumption which translate to higher performance. They are usually found in larger laptops due to the better cooling system it provides.
  • There is no character. Ryzen processors without a suffix are desktop processors.

Example: AMD Ryzen 5 2600X

  • 2 in 2600X is the next generation AMD Ryzen processor, in our example, this is a second-generation processor. The larger the generation, the more performing it compared to the previous generation.
  • 6 the 2600X is the performance level. The numbers 4, 5 and 6 represent a high-performance processor. 7 and 8 are for video editing, music production and enterprise-grade CAD work, so this processor is suitable for heavy-duty engineering software and professional animation work.
  • 00 by 2600X is the model number or SKU number.
  • The “X” suffix that we talked about earlier indicates that it is the high-performance capabilities of the processor. It also has an Extended Frequency Range (XFR) feature that allows it to increase its performance beyond its limits.

3rd generation Ryzen processors

It is difficult to talk at length about every therapist, as each therapist needs a large article to fully explain everything related to him. This article will be a guide for beginners about third-generation processors, and we will focus on the performance tests on some processors that can be said to be distinguished in this generation.

  • All third-generation processors are manufactured with TSMC 7 nano precision manufacturing. It has a PCIe 4.0 connectivity.
  • All processors of this generation support dual-channel DDR4-3200. However, it will work well with DDR4-3600, while high-end silicon processors will handle even DDR4-3800.
  • Processors with 4, 6, and 8 cores have a single Die chip. The processors with 12 and 16 cores contain two cores. Both types have the same input/output (I / O) chip.
  • Threadripper 24 and 32 core processors contain four cores. As for the 64-core processor, it has eight-core chips. All Threadripper processors use the same input/output (I / O) chip.
  • All processors except Threadripper have an AM4 socket and work on all 300, 400, and 500 series motherboards.

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Note: Prices are according to Amazon on October 13th, 2020 for the cheapest advertised price.

Ryzen 3 processors

The premium processor of the Ryzen family. Processors of this family mainly compete with Intel’s Core i3 family. It has sufficient processing power for daily computing tasks and can handle fairly intensive tasks. It is a quad-core.

Ryzen 3 3100 Ryzen 3 3300X
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.


From amazon

Currently not available on amazon
Cores / Threads 4 / 8
Base frequency 3.6 3.8
Turbo boost frequency 3.9 4.3
L3 cache (cache) 16
Power consumption (TDP) 65
CPU Socket AM4

Ryzen 5 processors

Mid-range 6-core processor family. Ryzen 5 processors have faster speeds that deliver enough performance to handle somewhat intensive tasks. This family is the direct competition to Intel’s Core i5 family.

Ryzen 5 3500 Ryzen 5 3500X Ryzen 5 3600 Ryzen 5 Pro 3600 Ryzen 5 3600X Ryzen 5 3600XT
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.

Available to manufacturers (OEM) Only available for China $199

From amazon

Available to manufacturers (OEM) $209

From amazon.


From amazon.

Cores / Threads 6 / 6 6 / 12
Base frequency 3.6 3.8
Turbo boost frequency 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5
L3 cache (cache) 16 32
Power consumption (TDP) 65 95
CPU Socket AM4

Ryzen 7 processors

It is the family of high-performance eight-core processors from Ryzen, the rival family of Intel Core i7 processors. Capable of handling compute-intensive tasks much better than Ryzen 5 processors.

Ryzen 7 Pro 3700 Ryzen 7 3700X Ryzen 7 3800X Ryzen 7 3800XT
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.

Available to manufacturers (OEM) $295

From amazon


From amazon


From amazon

Cores / Threads 8 / 16
Base frequency 3.6 3.9
Turbo boost frequency 4.4 4.5 4.7
L3 cache (cache) 32
Power consumption (TDP) 65 105
CPU Socket AM4

Ryzen 9 processors

The New Family of Ryzen. It has very large speeds. It is the main competitor to Intel Core i9, it can handle very intensive computing tasks and applications, it has multiple cores up to 16 cores.

Ryzen 9 3900 Ryzen 9 Pro 3900 Ryzen 9 3900X Ryzen 9 3900XT Ryzen 9 3950X
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.

Available to manufacturers (OEM) Available to manufacturers (OEM) $430

From amazon


From amazon


From amazon

Cores / Threads 12 / 24 16 / 32
Base frequency 3.1 3.8 3.5
Turbo boost frequency 4.3 4.6 4.7
L3 cache (cache) 64
Power consumption (TDP) 65 105
CPU Socket AM4

Ryzen Threadripper processors

It is a multi-core high-performance processor, up to 64 cores. Designed to handle a lot of multitasking and mathematically demanding applications.

Ryzen Threadripper 3960X Ryzen Threadripper 3970X Ryzen Threadripper 3990X
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.


From amazon


From amazon


From amazon

Cores / Threads 24 / 48 32 / 64 64 / 128
Base frequency 4.5 4.3
Turbo boost frequency 4.3 4.7
L3 cache (cache) 128 256
Power consumption (TDP) 280
CPU Socket sTRX4

Ryzen Threadripper Pro processors

The new family from Ryzen Threadripper, intended for manufacturers. It comes with a set of processors having up to 64 cores. It provides many new options for computer manufacturers to create computers that can handle a lot of multiple tasks and applications that require a lot of complex mathematical operations.

Ryzen Threadripper Pro 3945WX Ryzen Threadripper Pro 3955WX Ryzen Threadripper Pro 3975WX Ryzen Threadripper Pro 3995WX
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.

Available to manufacturers (OEM) Available to manufacturers (OEM) Available to manufacturers (OEM) Available to manufacturers (OEM)
Cores / Threads 12 / 24 16 / 36 36 / 64 64 / 128
Base frequency 4.0 3.9 3.5 2.7
Turbo boost frequency 4.3 4.2
L3 cache (cache) 64 128 256
Power consumption (TDP) 280
CPU Socket sWRX8

What do I choose?

You will be confused by a list of around 24 treatments (15 excluding those destined for manufacturers). Which therapist is right for you? What processor do you need to fulfil your requirements? The Ryzen Threadripper 3990X processor can fulfil your requirements whatever it is;) but it is priced at $ 3990: p Well maybe you are not going for more than a $ 200 processor. In order not to be baffled, to answer the following questions:

  1. What budget can you put in a processor? (The processor alone and not the pool as a whole).
  2. What is your use of the processor? Browse and use my office only? Are you primarily focused on games? Or do you need a Render?
  3. Which GPU do you own or plan to purchase? You should be aware that the processor mismatch with the card will definitely cause a “bottleneck”!

Well, the next section of the article may help you reduce your confusion.

Ryzen performance

In this section, we will focus on 5 processors. You can say they are the premium processors in every category. They are the processors:

Ryzen 3 3300X Ryzen 5 3600 Ryzen 7 3700X Ryzen 9 3900X Ryzen 9 3950X
Price in the market

Note: Prices may vary from the time the article was written.

Currently not available on amazon $199

From amazon


From amazon


From amazon


From amazon

Cores / Threads 4 / 8 6 / 12 8 / 16 12 / 24 16 / 32
Base frequency 3.8GHz 3.6 GHz 3.6 GHz 3.8GHz 3.5GHz
Turbo boost frequency 4.3 GHz 4.2 GHz 4.4 GHz 4.6 GHz 4.7 GHz
L3 cache (cache) 16 MB 32 MB 64 MB
Memory support Dual-channel, DDR4-3200
Power consumption (TDP) 65 watts 105 watts

For testing, the famous TechSpot site used a Gigabyte X570 Aorus Master motherboard with 8 GB G.Skill FlareX CL14 memory modules and G.Skill FlareX CL14 with a capacity of 32 GB. The RTX 2080 Ti GPU reduces GPU bottlenecks, allowing for a better look at actual CPU performance.

Performance tests for work and design programs

Notice!  To improve the speed and experience of browsing the article on phones, charts may appear in the form of tables for some mobile surfers. For a better reading experience using the computer version of the site.

Cinebench 20 (higher is better)

What is the Cinebench test? Cinebench is a test kit that specializes in testing Computer Hardware. Many tests can be performed via Cinebench, including 3D modelling, animation, animation, and render performance of the CPU cores on Cinema 4D. For more.

[visualizer id=”3733″]

7-Zip File Manager (the higher the better)

What is the 7-Zip test? 7-Zip File Manager is a file zip and decompression program. The test and comparison of CPUs can be used through the speed of compressing and decompressing a package of files with 7-Zip File Manager. For more.

[visualizer id=”3735″]

Blender Open Data (less is better)

What is the Blender test? Blender is a free and open-source 3D graphics creation package. In the package, you can create 3D models, animation, simulations, even video editing, game design, and more. Blender Open Data provides a test of the hardware capabilities of the Blender package. For more.

[visualizer id=”3737″]

Chromium Code Compile (Less is Better)

What is the Chromium Code Compile test? It is a test that measures the efficiency of the CPU at collecting and draining code. This is done by building Google Chromium on Windows using Google’s comprehensive and easy-to-use guidelines. This is done with Microsoft Visual Studio tools, using clang-cl. The build system is Ninja which has the added benefit of being able to generate detailed report after building process. For more.

[visualizer id=”3741″]

DaVinci Resolve Studio 16 (higher is better)

What is the DaVinci Resolve Test? The DaVinci Resolve Test examines performance for 4K and 8K media across a benchmark across the scoring system that gives you an overview of how the CPU is performing with the DaVinci Resolve Studio package. DaVinci Resolve Studio is colour correction and video editing software package.

[visualizer id=”3745″]

Adobe After Effects 2020 (Highest is Best)

What is Adobe After Effects exam? The popular program from Adobe for creating professional videos and adding cinematic effects to videos and editing them. The Adobe After Effects exam looks at the performance of creating and modifying media across a set of criteria across the grading system that gives you an overview of how the CPU is performing with the Adobe After Effects package.

[visualizer id=”3757″]

Energy consumption (less is better)

Note: This test measures the power consumption of the assembly used as a whole, not just the CPU.

[visualizer id=”3761″]

The chart shows that 3900X is the most hungry processor while you might expect that Honor to go as far as the 3950X. Due to the binning process, AMD reserves the best quality silicon for the 3950X processor. Thus, the processor can operate at lower voltages, thus consuming less energy. Interestingly, the 3700X consumes only 7 watts over 3600.

Performance tests for games

It’s the games where choosing the right processor becomes a difficult process. Of course, choosing the right way ensures that you will not be excessive in money on the processor and expand your financial capabilities in favour of other parts such as the graphics processor. Ryzen processors deliver impressive gaming performance.

Avg Fps (higher the better)

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Lowest tire (1% Low) (higher is better)

[visualizer id=”3767″]

the choice

As we’ve seen, the Ryzen 9 3900X is a nice pick for those looking for powerful performance, while the Ryzen 5 3600 is the most affordable processor. As for the Ryzen 7 3700X processor, although it is faster than its predecessor, the cost increase is higher than the performance, which will increase in return, which is why we feel the R5 3600 is the best performance value.

Looking at the specification and pricing table you can translate that into the kernel cost. Simple math shows that Ryzen 5 3600 is the best option, as it comes at only $ 28 per core. On the 3700X you’ll pay 16% more per core.

Choosing the correct Ryzen CPU for productivity tasks is fairly straightforward. But when you start talking about gaming performance, it gets harder. Here’s a look at the average performance across our tested games and how that translates into a cost per frame.

Read also:

Cost per frame (1% Low)

[visualizer id=”3771″]

The Ryzen 3300X is clearly the most realistic and cost-effective gaming processor. The processor costs only $ 1.14 per frame. However, as we’ve seen in Shadow of the Tomb Raider, the 3300X won’t deliver the ultimate in performance in some of the most powerful games.

Of course, if you can, spending the extra money on the Ryzen 5 3600 would be a wise investment. But going one step further and spending 65% more for the 3700X is unwise for players. You don’t have to spend the extra money without having a corresponding difference in performance. This means that Ryzen 9 processors are redundant for gamers.

4th generation Ryzen processors

AMD CEO Lisa Su unveiled the new Zen 3 architecture on October 8, 2020, with the new Ryzen 5000 series computer processors. AMD has named the series this way to avoid any confusion with the current third-generation Ryzen 4000 parts. This confusion began when AMD decided to name its third-generation mobile processors as the Ryzen 4000, while its computer processors were called the name 3000. This confusion ends with the Ryzen 5000 series, which all come with the fourth Zen 3 architecture.

It is too early to compare and review new series processors, but we will write an article about them when they start to reach the market.



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